INDIA is also called as BHARAT or HINDUSTAN, official name of INDIA is REPUBLIC of INDIA, India was named after the Indus River by the Britishers, featuring its feminine beauty to the country. India positions as seventh largest country in the world with 17% of the world’s population. India lengthens 3214KM i.e. North to South and its breath is 2933km i.e East to West.
Peninsular India is surrounded by three sides of water of its south end, topographically peninsular India looks like inverted vast triangle bounded by three sides of water i.e west region by Arabian Sea, East region by Bay of Bengal & south towards its triangular tip the largest Indian Ocean. India is the second largest peninsula in the world due to its inhabitants. India’s current population is approximately 1380004385 people according to the latest worldometer mid year 2020 reports of United Nations Data. India is a tropical country, as its subcontinent experiences comparatively milder winter as compared to Central Asia. India’s climatic condition has its own extraordinary different climatic regions ranging from tropical in the southern India and alpine in the northern India i.e. Himalayas.
Indian Culture & Heritage
India is land which holds it culture and its heritage from olden days, India’s culture and heritages is a blend of diverse sub-cultures brought in by many people those who migrated for many reasons like invasions or for trade and commerce. India’s religion, languages, dance, music, architecture, food and customs differ from one place to the other or state to state. As India has the strong historical influences of various empires its is often named as an combination of several culture evidences from the beginning with the Indus Valley Civilization.
Glance on Indian Constitution
India is the world largest democracy country, from its Independence from British Empire in Aug 15th 1947. The nation adopted the constitution of India on 26th Jan 1950 and replaced India is a Parliamentary Secular Democratic Republic. In Indian President of the India is the first citizen of the country and also the HEAD of STATE and the Prime Minister is the Head of the Government. India positions the dual polity system or double government (Federal) which comprises of CENTRAL AUTHORITY for central & State at the periphery. The constitution of India describes the organizational power and limitations for both the central & state governments. The council of States or Rajya Sabha or upper house of the bicameral parliament of India which represents the states of Indian federation and the lower house or the Lok Sabha or House of the people which represents the people of India as a One.
Partition of States on Linguistic Bases
The State Reorganization Act of India have changed the country since 60 years. In 1956, August, the parliament enacted the State Reorganization Act, the states are redrawn on the linguistic bases which made many more states to be created and made India remains the largest collective administrative reorganizations of States. Until this linguistic partition India was retained by the British political
boundaries left by them. The main reason for the major states reorganization took place due to the death of Thiru Sreeramulu a freedom fighter who was with Gandhi. Thiru Sreeramulu took the same non-violence in –hand went on a hunger strike to pressure government in demand for separate of land for Telugu and Tamil speaking regions in the Tamil dominant Madras Presidency. As the demand for separation of Indian states on linguistic manner was old as , the British framed Orissa from the oriya speaking people majority and Bangal in 1936, this was also committed by congress by itself to the idea before Independence. Our Prime Mister, Thiru. Jawarharlal Nehru, resisted the demands under linguistic separation of States until the death of Thiru. Sreeramalu, so Prime minister was forced to announce Andra Pradesh in 1953. This same year Prime minister appointed the State Reorganization Act to manage the existing demands for the new states, this commission conducted public hearing with the people across India in 1955 regarding the consolidation and separation of Sates, this Act also implemented many but not all. During 1969 to 1973, the boundaries of Madras and Mysore was defined and renamed as Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, at the same time Andhra Pradesh & Kerala borders was also defined. Most parts of northern circle was left untouched expect few locations added to todays existing States such as Vindhya Pradesh to Madhya Pradesh, Patiala to Punjab and Ajmer to Rajasthan.
The more of demand was faced by India on its linguistic partition, Marathi & Gujarati speakers in Bombay was looking for separate state and both want Bombay city. The samyukta Maharashtra Movement in 1960 ended in formation of Maharashtra and Gujarat, as Bombay renamed as Maharashtra. Similarly 1966 Punjab movement to separate Sikh and Hindu majority was raised then Punjab and Haryana was formed. Also by adding Shimla and Kulu from Punjab to Himachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh got the prestige of State in 1971, as it was being the Union Territory until then. In today’s India, the North Eastern parts of Indian States like Manipur, Tripura (both Union territory) and Meghalaya (a sub-state) was separated as each individual state in 1972. Mizoram, was an independent State in 1987 as it was also a union territory. The combination of this north east parts was earlier called as The North Eastern Frontier or Arunachal Pradesh.
2020, Current Indian States & its Capital
President of India – Thiru Ram Nath Kovind, he was born on 1st Oct 1945, at Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh District. He was the former Governor of Bihar from 16 Aug 2015 to 21 Jun 2017.
Vice President of India – Thiru Venkaiah Naidu, he was born on 1st July 1949, Chavatapalem Nellor District of Andra Pradesh.
Prime Minister of India – Thiru Narendra Modi, he was born on 17th Sep 1950 in a small town of Gujarat. Apart from his duty he will be heading the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Department of Atomic Energy, Department of Space and all important issues and other portfolios those not allotted to any Minister.
In today’s federal India comprises 28 States and 8 Union Territory on total 36 entitles. These states and Union Territory was subdivided into Districts